Accessed A lofty tree with a trunk 6 to 8 ft in diameter; trees in this country of slender pyramidal form; young shoots glabrous, shining, yellowish grey; winter buds globose, very resinous, bluish at the base. The leaves are arranged on all sides of the shoot except underneath, the side ones spreading horizontally, the uppermost ones pointing forward. On young plants the leaves are sharply pointed and not divided at the apex. Native of the W. Himalaya as far east as Kumaon.

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Abies pindrow-Pinus wallichiana forest near Chandarnahan Lake, India, elev. Royle ex D. There are two varieties: A. Don Royle var. Syn: Pinus pindrow Royle ex D. Don ; A. Don Brandis Type: illustration in Royle Don Royle subsp.

Type not designated. A hybrid with A. Henry, has also been described Vidakovic , but this appears to be inaccurate; the two species are not sympatric, A. Description Trees to 60 m tall and cm DBH, typically with a single straight, round trunk, short branches and a narrow, conical crown. Bark first smooth and gray, becoming thick, gray-brown and longitudinally furrowed. Buds globose, large, and resinous.

Twigs stiff, pinkish to pale brown, soon fading to pale gray, glabrous, lightly ridged, with circular leaf scars. Pollen cones lateral, numerous, on underside of shoots, mm long, yellow-brown when active. Seeds long with a mm brown wing Vidakovic , Farjon Distribution and Ecology Throughout the western Himalaya, in Afghanistan, Pakistan, India, and Nepal, at elevations of m; climate is monsoonal, cool and moist, increasingly snow-dominated from the western to eastern range limits.

Occurs in pure stands, but is also often codominant with Pinus wallichiana , Picea smithiana , or Cedrus deodara , and less frequently occurs with Tsuga dumosa ; at lower elevations broadleaf angiosperms become progressively dominant, replacing the conifers at elevations below m Vidakovic ; Farjon ; Siddiqui et al.

Bioclimatic modeling of an area in Pakistan indicates that global climate change is likely to lead to future reductions in the species Ali et al. Hardy to Zone 8 cold hardiness limit between Firs of the southern Himalaya. Abies pindrow var. Data source is Conifers of the World accessed Big tree Vladimir Dinets e-mail Oldest Dendrochronology Some exploratory work has been done in Pakistan, India, and Nepal, leading to development of chronologies going back to as early as The trees do crossdate and show response to climate variation Ahmed , Thapa et al.

Ethnobotany In traditional medicine, foliar extracts were used as anti-inflammatories Singh et al. This is an important timber tree in its range, the wood used mainly for construction of interiors floors, stairs, etc. It is also used in box-making Farjon Observations Vladimir Dinets , traveling in Pakistan, recounts: "I left the most pleasant part of the trip until the end. There is a town called Muree in the mountains above Islamabad.

It used to be a British hill station. A narrow, densely forested ridge with a few villages goes north for almost fifty kilometers. It is by far the largest forest in the country, now protected as Ayubia National Park.

The British built a network of hiking trails between the villages. They are broad, level, and often equipped with handrails. The forest is mostly old growth Indian white pine [ Pinus wallichiana ], but on northern slopes there are groves of very tall, slender West Himalayan firs [Abies pindrow], with some huge Sumatran yews [ Taxus sumatrana ] and deodars [ Cedrus deodara ]. Pests of A. Citations Ahmed, Moinuddin. Pakistan Journal of Botany 20 2 Ali, K.

Future of Abies pindrow in Swat district, northern Pakistan. Journal of Forestry Research 25 1 Dar, W. In vitro study of fungicides and biocontrol agents against Fusarium oxysporum f. Scientific Research and Essays 8 30 Dinets, Vladimir. Ramadan in Pakistan. Farjon, A. Leiden, Netherlands: Brill Academic Publishers. Ram, S. Climatic response of various tree ring parameters of fir Abies pindrow from Chandanwadi in Jammu and Kashmir, western Himalaya, India.

Current Science 11 Royle, J. Schneider, O. Adelges in A. Mitteilungen der Schweizerischen Entomologischen Gesellschaft, Lausanne 27 4 Siddiqui, M. Shaukat, M. Ahmed, N. Khan, and I. Vegetation-environment relationship of conifer dominating forests of moist temperate belt of Himalayan and Hindukush regions of Pakistan. Pakistan Journal of Botany 45 2 — Ahmed, M. Hussain, J. Iqbal, and M.

Pakistan Journal of Botany 47 6 — Singh, R. Pharmacological activity of Abies pindrow. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 73 Thapa, U.

Influence of climate on radial growth of Abies pindrow in western Nepal Himalaya. Banko Janakari 23 2 This series of volumes, privately printed, provides some of the most engaging descriptions of conifers ever published. Although they only treat species cultivated in the U. Despite being over a century old, they are generally accurate, and are illustrated with some remarkable photographs and lithographs.

Farjon, Aljos.


Abies pindrow

Wood - light, soft, not very durable. Used for house interiors, cases, furniture, water troughs and fuel[61, , ]. Prefers a good moist but not water-logged soil[1]. Grows well in heavy clay soils. Plants are very shade tolerant, especially when young, but growth is slower in dense shade[81]. Intolerant of atmospheric pollution[1].


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