The IC can be considered as one of the most useful and versatile chip having numerous electronic circuit applications. About IC Technically it is called the Johnsons 10 stage decade counter divider. The number 10 is connected with the number of outputs this IC has, and these outputs become high in sequence in response to every high clock pulse applied at its input clock pin out. It means, all its 10 outputs will go through one cycle of high output sequencing from start to finish in response to 10 clocks received at its input pin So in a way it is counting and also dividing the input clock by 10 and hence the name.
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Where to use CD IC The IC CD is used for counting applications, it has the capability to turn on 10 outputs sequentially in a pre-defined time and reset the count or hold it when required. It also has the capability to indicate the status of counting using Carry pin. We have 10 output pins ranging from Q0 to Q9, these pins can be connected to any load but we are using LEDs here as shown in the circuit below. This IC will increment the count from 0 to 9 Q0 to Q9 each time it senses a high pulse from the clock pin pin The output changes sequentially from Q0 to Q9 for every high pulse from the Clock pin, but this sequence can be interrupted by two pins.
They are the Clock Enable pin 13 and Reset pin 15 pins. Similarly, if the reset pin is made high. The count will reset itself back to Q0 and will stay there until Q0 is made low again. We have another pin called the carry out pin 12th pin , this pin will stay low 0V by default. But when the IC completes counting up to 10, the pin will go high and will remain high till it counts till 5, when its 5 it will go down 0V and turn on again when it reaches The timing diagram of the IC indicating the state of Output pins and Carry pin for every high pulse signal is shown below.
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