The term intelligence comes from a Latin word coined by Cicero to translate a Greek word used to cover all cognitive processes. Intelligence is the capacity to acquire knowledge and to learn things. Intelligence is the innate capacity which facilities effective dealing with environment. One of the popular and recent definitions is that of Wechsler, It is the aggregate or global capacity of the individual to act purposefully, to think rationally and to deal effectively with the environment. Intelligence grows or increases up to 16 years in a normal individual.
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The termintelligence comes from a Latin word coined by Cicero to translate a Greek word used tocover all cognitive processes. Intelligence is the capacity to acquire knowledge and to learnthings. Intelligence is the innate capacity which facilities effective dealing with environment.
Thegrowth of intelligence is influenced to great extent by biochemical, cultural and hereditaryfactor. The work on intelligence was started by Binet in in collaboration with Simon. This was further revised by Binet in Stanford Universityrevised and improved in and and latest revision was brought in As the test scores do not give a clear picture of a previous intelligence, Binetintroduced the concept of M. The MA or the mental age of an individual can be expressedin terms of its CA to which the psychological functions belong.
William Stern went aheadand introduced the concept of I. Using this principle, Binetdeveloped the first test of intelligence called Binet Simon Scale In the second or scale, the number of tests was increased.
Some unsatisfactorytests from the earlier scale were eliminated. A third revision of the Binet Simon Scale appeared in In this scale, nofundamental changes were introduced. Minor revisions and relocations of specific tests wereinstituted. More tests were added at several years and the scale was extended to the adultlevel. Intelligence Testing In India: The first attempt at fairly wide and scientific lines goes as far back as , when Dr.
In Dr. Lahalal of U. This was in Hindi and Urdu. Since intelligencetesting seems to acquire more and more momentum. The Present Revision: The revision of the Binet scale was undertaken to suit the Indian conditions. The children onwhom the experiment was conducted, were taken from Dharwad town Karnataka , and wereexpected neither very advanced nor backward.
Therefore, the children tested were considereda fair representation of the general population of Indian children. The srcinal passages are translated into Indian language retaining the srcinalmeaning and difficulty and containing the same number of syllables.
Application: The Binet Kamat test of intelligence is one of the widely used test of intelligence inclinical and educational set up. In the clinical set up, it is used for assessment of mentallychallenged, learning disabled children with speech and language problems, slow learners etc.
It can also be used to assess intellectual level and functioning on different areas likelanguage, reasoning, memory, social competence etc. In educational set up, BKT is used to assess general intellectual level of students tocompare it with their academic performance and achievements. Based on the functioninglevel of students, educational training of students with learning disabilities can be undertaken.
The test has also been widely applied in educational and psychological researches. The children in each class were of normal age of for the class, they were selected and then grouped into 5 classesas very inferior, inferior, average, superior and very superior.
Thus the correlation coefficient between the I. This was nearly 0. Reference: 1. Kamat V. Measuring Intelligence of Indian Children.
Oxford UniversityPress. Feldman R. Understanding Psychology 6 th ed. New Delhi. Tata Mc. Q and the functional analysis of Binet Kamat test of intelligencefor children. Materials: i. Manual for direction and norms. Stop watchiii. Writing materials Plan :Administer the test, determine the I. The basal age is determined until the client passes all the items for theyear. Scoring: Basal age is the basic functioning level of the child.
It is the age where the child isable to pass all the items successfully. Terminal age is the age at which the client fails in allthe items. Credit score is the score given when the client has passed in some items and failedin some other items in a given age level. The test has a partial crediting system. From 3 to 10years each item passed, get a credit of 2 month. All the partial credits months obtained upto the terminal age are added to the basalage.
This gives the M. A of the client. Previous Document.
Start What is the Stanford-Binet test? The Stanford-Binet test is a examination meant to gauge intelligence through five factors of cognitive ability. These five factors include fluid reasoning, knowledge, quantitative reasoning, visual-spatial processing and working memory. Both verbal and nonverbal responses are measured. Each of the five factors is given a weight and the combined score is often reduced to a ratio known commonly as the intelligence quotient, or IQ. How reliable is the Stanford-Binet test? The Stanford-Binet test is among the most reliable standardized tests currently used in education.
Case Study Psychology Using Binet Kamath Test Of Intelligence (BKT)
His attention was aroused and sustained. He was motivated for the assessment. He could comprehend the test instructions and followed them correctly. His Intelligence quotient came out to be 89, i.
Stanford–Binet Intelligence Scales
In an effort to simplify the information gained from the Binet-Simon test into a more comprehensible and easier to understand form, German psychologist William Stern created the now well known Intelligence Quotient IQ. By comparing the age a child scored at to their biological age, a ratio is created to show the rate of their mental progress as IQ. Terman quickly grasped the idea for his Stanford revision with the adjustment of multiplying the ratios by to make them easier to read. As also discussed by Leslie, in , Terman was another of the main forces in spreading intelligence testing in the United States Becker,