Biographical background[ edit ] Just before composing the Hortensius, Cicero experienced many hardships. Rabinowitz, argue it simply meant that Cicero wrote in the general protreptic style. Lucullus critiques this opinion, arguing that the study of history is the best use of otium. Hortensius then declares that oratory is the greatest of the arts.
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From that time his reputation as an advocate was established. As the son-in-law of Quintus Lutatius Catulus through marriage to Lutatia, daughter of Catulus and Servilia he was attached to the aristocratic party, the optimates. Many of his clients were the governors of provinces which they were accused of having plundered.
Such men were sure to find themselves brought before a friendly, not to say a corrupt, tribunal, and Hortensius, according to Marcus Tullius Cicero  was not ashamed to avail himself of this advantage. Having served during two campaigns in 90 and 89 BC in the Social War , he became quaestor in 81, aedile in 75, praetor in 72, and consul in In the year before his consulship he came into collision with Cicero in the case of Gaius Verres , and from that time his supremacy at the bar was lost.
Consequently, in political cases, the two men were often engaged on the same side e. Since Porcia was already married to Marcus Calpurnius Bibulus and had borne him two children, Cato refused to dissolve the marriage. Hortensius promptly married Marcia, who bore him an heir. In 42, she spoke against the imposition of a special tax on wealthy Roman matrons with such success that part of it was remitted. Even though his gestures were highly artificial, and his manner of folding his toga was noted by tragic actors of the day,  he was such a "gifted performer that even professional actors would stop rehearsal and come to watch him hold an audience captive with each swish of his toga.
He also possessed a fine musical voice, which he could skillfully command. He was also reputed to be the first to introduce peacocks as a table delicacy at Rome. The work defended the notion that genuine human happiness is to be found by using and embracing philosophy.
Augustine wrote in Confessions that this work left an impression upon him and moved him to embrace philosophy, and ultimately convert to Christianity. Today, not a single speech by Hortensius is extant. History of Rome to A. Fifth Edition. The Macmillan Company, Cambridge University Press. Endnote: In addition to Cicero passim , see Dio Cassius xxxviii.
Hortensius, unworthy son of the great orator, who seems to have been quaestor in He later embraced the cause of Caesar, obtaining the praetorship as a reward. Gruen, The last generation of the Roman Republic , , p. Hortensius M.
Major problems with inadequate coverage of available source material, insufficently specific referencing, and close paraphrasing. A sufficiently long way to go to get this into shape for GA that it would require a new and independent review. Good article criteria The prose is acceptable, with occasional problems with weasel wording or overly vague wording, but with large fractions of our article too closely paraphrased from a single source. The lead contains some material that should be placed elsewhere in the article and summarized in the lead. The short length of the lead is acceptable given the short length of the overall article, but the overall article is too short to adequately cover its subject.
This hypothesis is not without its detractors. Through his cucero Cicero, who lived four centuries before Augustine, was a mentor to Augustine. The book changed my feelings. Views Read Edit View history. In it, Plasberg provides a hypothesized order to the fragments, and supplies a Latin introduction and gortensius. Rabinowitz, argue it simply meant that Cicero wrote in the general protreptic style. Catullus defends poetry, Lucullus argues in favor of history, the eponymous Hortensius defends rhetoric, and Cicero himself praises the virtues of philosophy.
Quintus Hortensius Hortalus
He belonged to the tribus Cornelia. However, being a semi-invalid, he could not enter public life and studied extensively to compensate. The famous family names of Fabius , Lentulus , and Piso come from the Latin names of beans, lentils, and peas, respectively. Plutarch writes that Cicero was urged to change this deprecatory name when he entered politics, but refused, saying that he would make Cicero more glorious than Scaurus "Swollen-ankled" and Catulus "Puppy". Cicero was therefore educated in the teachings of the ancient Greek philosophers, poets and historians; as he obtained much of his understanding of the theory and practice of rhetoric from the Greek poet Archias  and from the Greek rhetorician Apollonius. It was precisely his broad education that tied him to the traditional Roman elite.
From that time his reputation as an advocate was established. As the son-in-law of Quintus Lutatius Catulus through marriage to Lutatia, daughter of Catulus and Servilia he was attached to the aristocratic party, the optimates. Many of his clients were the governors of provinces which they were accused of having plundered. Such men were sure to find themselves brought before a friendly, not to say a corrupt, tribunal, and Hortensius, according to Marcus Tullius Cicero  was not ashamed to avail himself of this advantage.