At present, there is not a commercial fishery for this species. Regionally, Nurse sharks are still marketed for their fins, meat, and skin, particularly in Panama, Brazil, Venezuela, and the Caribbean. In other areas, nurse sharks are caught and killed by fishermen as they are considered a nuisance animal that takes bait intended for other species. In the Lesser Antilles, where nurse sharks often raid fish traps, they are considered a pest. In the United States commercial fishery, they are often caught as by-catch but are released alive Rose et al.
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Glossary Atlantic Ocean the body of water between Africa, Europe, the southern ocean above 60 degrees south latitude , and the western hemisphere.
It is the second largest ocean in the world after the Pacific Ocean. Pacific Ocean body of water between the southern ocean above 60 degrees south latitude , Australia, Asia, and the western hemisphere. Animals with bilateral symmetry have dorsal and ventral sides, as well as anterior and posterior ends.
Synapomorphy of the Bilateria. Ecotourism implies that there are existing programs that profit from the appreciation of natural areas or animals. Iteroparous animals must, by definition, survive over multiple seasons or periodic condition changes. Coral reefs are found in warm, shallow oceans with low nutrient availability. They form the basis for rich communities of other invertebrates, plants, fish, and protists. The polyps live only on the reef surface.
Because they depend on symbiotic photosynthetic algae, zooxanthellae, they cannot live where light does not penetrate. Lockenloia sanguinis n. Nematoda: Dracunculoidea from the heart of a nurse shark, Ginglymostoma cirratum, in Florida. Allaby, M. A Dictionary of Zoology. Canada: Oxford University Press. Borucinska, J. A comparison of mode of attachment and histopathogenicity of four tapeworm species representing two orders infecting the spiral intestine of the nurse shark, Ginglymostoma cirratum.
Caira, J. Verification of multiple species of Pedibothrium in the Atlantic nurse shark with comments on the Australasian members of the genus. A review of the genus Pedibothrium Linton, Tetraphyllidea: Onchobothriidae with description of two new species and comments on the related genera Pachybothrium Baer and Euzet, and Balanobothrium Hornell, Carey, J.
Odense: Odense University Press. Carrier, J. Growth-rates in the nurse shark, Ginglymostoma cirratum. Pratt, L. Group reproductive behaviors in free-living nurse sharks, Ginglymostoma cirratum. Casper, B. Evoked potential audiograms of the nurse shark Ginglymostoma cirratum and the yellow stingray Urobatis jamaicensis. Castro, J. The biology of the nurse shark, Ginglymostoma cirratum, off the Florida east coast and the Bahama Islands.
Compagno, L. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of shark species known to date. Dooley, H. Shark immunity bites back: Affinity maturation and memory response in the nurse shark, Ginglymostoma cirratum. Ebert, D. Fowler, L. Sharks of the World. Plympton St. Maurice: Wild Nature Press. Ferreira, L. Afonso, P. Castilho, F. Habitat use of the nurse shark, Ginglymostoma cirratum, off Recife, Northeast Brazil: A combined survey with longline and acoustic telemetry.
Gardiner, J. Atema, R. Hueter, P. Multisensory integration and behavioral plasticity in sharks from different ecological niches. Kendall, C. Valentino, A. Bodine, C. Triploidy in a nurse shark, Ginglymostoma cirratum. Luer, C. Blum, P. Rate of tooth replacement in the nurse shark, Ginglymostoma cirratum. Luiten, P. Two visual pathways to the telencephalon in the nurse shark Ginglymostoma cirratum.
Ascending thalamo-telencephalic connections. Moore, D. Close encounters with the nurse shark, Ginglymostoma cirratum. Motta, P. Hueter, T. Tricas, A. Summers, D. Huber, D. Lowry, K.
Mara, M. Matott, L. Whitenack, A. Functional morphology of the feeding apparatus, feeding constraints, and suction performance in the nurse shark Ginglymostoma cirratum. Ponce Medical School, P. Ebbesson, K. Ascending spinal systems in the nurse shark, Ginglymostoma cirratum.
Pratt Jr. A review of elasmobranch reproductive behavior with a case study on the nurse shark, Ginglymostoma cirratum. Rego, M. Fitzpatrick, F. Hazin, M. Araujo, L. Silveira, P. Oliveira, J. Characterization of testicular morphology and serpmatogenesis in the nurse sharks Ginglymostoma cirratum Bonnaterre, Rosa, R. Castro, M. Furtado, J. Monzini, R. Santander-Neto, J. Shinozaki-Mendes, L. Silveira, B. Juc-Queiroz, M. Furtado-Neto, V.
Population structure of nurse sharks, Ginglymostoma cirratum Orectolobiformes , caught off Ceara State, Brazil, south-western Equatorial Atlantic. Saville, K. Lindley, E. Maries, J. Carrier, H. Multiple paternity in the nurse shark, Ginglymostoma cirratum.