HAGENIA ABYSSINICA PDF

Trees are either male or female, with male flowers an orange to brown or white colour and red female flowers. The flower heads form large hanging groups, made up of many small flowers. The colour of the flowers actually comes from modified leaves called bracts rather than true petals. The fruits are small and dried, hidden within the dried part of the flower.

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Species: H. Binomial name: Hagenia abyssinica Common names: African redwood, brayera, cusso, hagenia Hagenia abyssinica is the sole species of genus Hagenia. It is a species of flowering plant native to the high-elevation Afromontane regions of central and eastern Africa.

It also has a disjunct distribution one in which two closely related taxa are widely separated geographically in the high mountains of East Africa from Sudan and Ethiopia in the north, through Kenya, Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi, Democratic Republic of Congo, and Tanzania, to Malawi and Zambia in the south. It is a very rare plant in New Zealand and is seldom found growing.

An adult tree is growing in the grounds of Burgess Park, New Plymouth. Hagenia abyssinica is a dioecious tree up to 20 m in height, with a trunk with thick peeling bark.

The trees have either male or female flowers. Flowering and seeding can be observed throughout the year with a break in the months with the coldest temperatures. Hagenia abyssinica is an important medicinal plant in Africa that societies relied on for generations for combating various ailments. Hagenia has been used as a remedy for intestinal parasites. It has served as an anathematic in ruminants also against tapeworms in humans.

Besides being a source of medicine, Hagenia has been utilized for various other purposes such as construction, furniture, fuel wood, and soil fertility management. As a result of its enormous significance, H. Closeup showing the hairy underside of the leaf. The serrated margin of the leaf. The flakey bark of the trunk.

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Hagenia abyssinica

Species: H. Binomial name: Hagenia abyssinica Common names: African redwood, brayera, cusso, hagenia Hagenia abyssinica is the sole species of genus Hagenia. It is a species of flowering plant native to the high-elevation Afromontane regions of central and eastern Africa. It also has a disjunct distribution one in which two closely related taxa are widely separated geographically in the high mountains of East Africa from Sudan and Ethiopia in the north, through Kenya, Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi, Democratic Republic of Congo, and Tanzania, to Malawi and Zambia in the south. It is a very rare plant in New Zealand and is seldom found growing.

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African Redwood

Description[ edit ] It is known in English as African redwood, East African rosewood, [1] brayera, cusso, hagenia, or kousso, in Amharic as kosso, and in Swahili as mdobore or mlozilozi. It is the sole species of genus Hagenia, and its closest relative is the Afromontane genus Leucosidea. Synonyms include Banksia abyssinica, Brayera anthelmintica, Hagenia abyssinica var. It is a tree up to 20 m in height, with a short trunk, thick branches, and thick, peeling bark. It can be found growing in mixed afromontane forest with Podocarpus , Afrocarpus , and other trees, and in drier afromontane forests and woodlands where Hagenia is dominant, or in mixed stands of Hagenia and Juniperus procera. It is often found near the upper limit of forest growth, giving way to giant heather zones above it.

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