HEMPEL EMPIRICIST CRITERIA OF COGNITIVE SIGNIFICANCE PDF

Part of the Synthese Library book series SYLI, volume 81 Abstract It is a basic principle of contemporary empiricism that a sentence makes a cognitively significant assertion, and thus can be said to be either true or false, if and only if either 1 it is analytic or contradictory — in which case it is said to have purely logical meaning or significance — or else 2 it is capable, at least potentially, of test by experiential evidence — in which case it is said to have empirical meaning or significance. The basic tenet of this principle, and especially of its second part, the so-called testability criterion of empirical meaning or better: meaningfulness , is not peculiar to empiricism alone: it is characteristic also of contemporary operationism, and in a sense of pragmatism as well; for the pragmatist maxim that a difference must make a difference to be a difference may well be construed as insisting that a verbal difference between two sentences must make a difference in experiential implications if it is to reflect a difference in meaning. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves. This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access. Preview Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

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Part of the Synthese Library book series SYLI, volume 81 Abstract It is a basic principle of contemporary empiricism that a sentence makes a cognitively significant assertion, and thus can be said to be either true or false, if and only if either 1 it is analytic or contradictory — in which case it is said to have purely logical meaning or significance — or else 2 it is capable, at least potentially, of test by experiential evidence — in which case it is said to have empirical meaning or significance.

The basic tenet of this principle, and especially of its second part, the so-called testability criterion of empirical meaning or better: meaningfulness , is not peculiar to empiricism alone: it is characteristic also of contemporary operationism, and in a sense of pragmatism as well; for the pragmatist maxim that a difference must make a difference to be a difference may well be construed as insisting that a verbal difference between two sentences must make a difference in experiential implications if it is to reflect a difference in meaning.

This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves. This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access. Preview Unable to display preview.

Download preview PDF. Bibliography Ayer, A. Google Scholar Carnap, R. Referred to as 1 in this article. Referred to as 2 in this article. Google Scholar Chisholm, R. Google Scholar Church, A. Google Scholar Feigl, H. Google Scholar Goodman, N. Google Scholar Helmer, O. Google Scholar Langford, C. Google Scholar Margenau, H. Google Scholar Northrop, F. Google Scholar Pap, A.

Google Scholar Popper, K. Google Scholar Reichenbach, H. Google Scholar Russell, B. Google Scholar Schlick, M. Also reprinted in Feigl, H. Sellars eds. Google Scholar Spence, Kenneth W. In: Harding S.

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Hempel, Carl Gustav (1905–1997)

Nikojind The Dawn of Analysis. An equal-armed balance is used to determine when two bodies have the same mass and when the mass of a body is greater than the mass of the other. Since deviations from formal systems of language in practice can be considerable, Chomsky introduced a distinction between competence and performancewhere the former models the formal system and various explanations are advanced for deviations from that model in practice, similar to differences between the fall cognitivw bodies in a vacuum and in air, which raises questions about testability that parallel those for scientific theories, in general. His purpose was to formalize the conditions that must be satisfied when an explanation is adequate without denying that background knowledge and prior beliefs frequently make a difference in ordinary conversational contexts. Thus, the theory T is not falsifiable. Hempeloriginal emphasis. Cognitive Significance and Reflexive Content.

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Carl Hempel

Hempel 11 Rev. Introduction The fundamental tenet of modern empiricism is the view that all non-analytic knowledge is based on experience. Let us call this thesis the principle of empiricism. According to this so-called empiricist criterion of cognitive meaning, or of cognitive significance, many of the formulations of traditional metaphysics and large parts of epistemology are devoid of cognitive significance--however rich some of them may be in non-cognitive import by virtue of their emotive appeal or the moral inspiration they offer.

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