Vibar This requires managing oil and gas policy to ensure continued production and exploration, working closely with private companies to encourage investment, and strengthening YPFB. En principio, el Programa contempla cinco componentes: Para ello el programa se ha formulado en torno sqfco tres esferas fundamentales: The association also notes that companies need YPFB to approve projects quickly and with minimal bureaucracy to move forward. Las funciones de estas Unidades de Transparencia son:. Under this law, the municipalities use a bottom-up participative planning process to determine the use of public funds.
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Fenris Households use the inexpensive, easily transportable propane and butane canisters because most households are not hooked up to a natural gas pipeline.
Ver documentos relativos al estudio en el caso de Bolivia: Las funciones de estas Unidades de Transparencia son:. Norway, for instance, also has strong state control in its oil and gas industry and extracts significant income from the industry. In addition to the formal processes, Bolivia benefits from a strong and engaged civil society. The Bolivian congress added a clause to the contracts stating that once the exploration is conducted, the contract is subject to change.
The association points out that exporting liquid natural gas through Chile would have allowed Bolivia to reach large and profitable markets in the United States, Mexico, Japan, South Korea, and China. The media and civil society groups heavily criticized the departmental government of Cochabamba for recently purchasing sixty luxurious automobiles for transporting government employees — an expenditure that while falling short of corrupt, may not be the best use of public funds in a country where many citizens live in poverty.
The association claims that Bolivia could have been a large international exporter of liquid natural gas, but instead, is the supplier of last resort to neighboring countries, who are seeking to be less dependent on Bolivia. The strong negative reaction will make the department think twice before making future purchases, and led the departmental government to return some of the vehicles.
El Decreto Supremo No. One example of social control over government comes from Cochabamba. At the national level, the annual budget must be passed by law through congress each year. This makes it difficult for companies to calculate the xafco and payback. Instead, Bolivia continues to be dependent on natural gas exports to Brazil and Argentina. The nationalization was not dramatic by international standards, involving higher taxes and renegotiation of contracts rather than any expropriation, and all of the oil and gas companies in the country continued operations.
Multiple organizations advocate the need for long term strategies at all levels of government for the use of the revenues, especially for diversifying the productive sector and making it more dynamic. Instrumentos e Iniciativas Internacionales suscritos por Bolivia 1. YPFB reports that the investments that petroleum companies have committed to will enable the industry to resolve scarcity problems in The government publishes the funding levels received by each departmental government, municipal government, university, and the national government.
A sustained revenue flow is a prerequisite to Bolivia to productively invest its resources for development. However, these directories have not been very functional. Por lo tanto, sus antecedentes provienen de la Ley No. Bolivia produces very little diesel and is a net importer. The association also notes that companies need YPFB to approve projects quickly and with minimal bureaucracy to move forward. These factors include a government that has professed the goal leg using the revenues for development, an active civil society, and existing public participation and accountability laws and mechanisms.
The contract with Argentina comes with a monetary penalty for failure to deliver. Para ello el programa se ha formulado en torno a tres esferas fundamentales: Inflation from October to October was This allows leyy government to even out ups and downs in revenues as well as earn interest income. Recommendations include spending funds on activating the productive sector and investing in industries such as mining, forestry, natural gas, agriculture, and fishing. These projects are then grouped into an Annual Operating Plan for each municipality.
The groups then propose projects for spending public funds allotted to their area. Other dynamics present further challenges. Siendo reglamentada por el Decreto Supremo No. Exploration is a high-risk, long-term undertaking that takes about eleven years to begin producing gas.
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RESUMEN DE LA LEY SAFCO 1178 ensayos gratis y trabajos
Agro-business in the eastern lowlands and the transportation sector use diesel extensively. En lugar de analizar instituciones por separado, estudian las interrelaciones, la interdependencia y la efectividad combinada en un enfoque integral. Oversight Committees work well in some municipalities. One example of social control over government expenditures comes from Cochabamba. The media and civil society groups heavily criticized the departmental government of Cochabamba for recently purchasing sixty luxurious automobiles for transporting government employees — an expenditure that while falling short of corrupt, may not be the best use of public funds in a country where many citizens live in poverty.
LEY SAFCO 2012 PDF