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Art of entertainment is very famous for its folk song and dance. The folk song is also called Tamil Nattupura Padal. Tamil nattupura padalgal express the real life activity feelings which include the happy moments, sad pity, joy and even in death situation. It is pristine heights at a very early age.

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Art of entertainment is very famous for its folk song and dance. The folk song is also called Tamil Nattupura Padal. Tamil nattupura padalgal express the real life activity feelings which include the happy moments, sad pity, joy and even in death situation. It is pristine heights at a very early age. The three modes of entertainment classified as Iyal Literature , Isai Music and Nadagam Drama had their roots in the rural folk theatre like Therukoothu. Many forms of group and individual dances with the classical forms for popularity and sheer entertainment value.

Majority of these dances are still thriving in Tamil Nadu today. It dates back to B. It was codified and documented as a performing art in the 19th century by four brothers known as the Tanjore Quartet whose musical compositions for dance form the bulk of the Bharata Natya repertoire even today.

Karagaattam Karagam is a folk dance with musical accompaniment, performed balancing a pot on the head. Traditionally, this dance was performed by the villagers in praise of the rain goddess Mari Amman and river goddess, Gangai Amman, performed with literature with water pots balanced on their heads.

Aatta Karagam is limited to the premises of sacred temples of Tamil Nadu, Sakthi Karagam is performed on public platforms too. Today, the pots have transformed from mud pots to bronzeware and even stainless steel in modern times. The pots are decorated with a cone of flower arragements, topped by a paper parrot. This dance is very popular all over Tamilnadu, though its birth place is said to be Thanjavur.

This dance is danced by an individual or two persons. Both male and female performers participate in this. Kummi Kummi is one of the most important and ancient forms of village dances of Tamilnadu. This is performed by women. It is also played during family functions such as the one celebrating puberty. It originated when there were no musical instruments, with the participants clapping their hands to keep time. The women stand in a circle and dance clapping their hands rhythamically tolifting songs.

The first line of the song is sung by the leading lady, which the others repeat. Kavadi Aattam The ancient Tamils when they went on pilgrimage, carried the offerings to the gods tied on the either end of the long stick, which was balanced on the shoulders.

In order to lessen the boredom of the long travel they used to sing and dance about the gods. Kavadi Aattam has its origin in this practice. Special songs were created to be sung while carrying the Kavadi Sindhu. This dance is performed only by men. It is done by balancing a pole with pots fixed on either end, filled with milk or cocunut water.

The poles are made from Purasai or Teak wood. On top, bamboo strips are bent like a half-moon, covered with saffron cloth and further decorated on the sides with peacock feathers. This is mainly a religious dance, performed in worship of Lord Murugan, the second son of Siva. The dance is accompanied by Pambai and Naiyandi Melam. Kazhai Kothu Kazhai Kothu is a performance of gymnastic specialised by Aryans.

This is very similar to modern day circus. They travel in a group from place to place, entertaining the local people and thus earning a living. Kolaattam Kolaattam is an ancient village art.

Kolattam, derived from Kol a small stick , and Attam play is the name of a charming Tamil dance practiced by groups of young girls. This is performed by women only, with two sticks held in each hand, beaten to make a rhythmic noise. The number of dancers are always in even numbers led by a leader.

Pinnal Kolaattam is danced with ropes which the women hold in their hands, the other of which are tied to a tall pole. With planned steps, the women skip over each other, which forms intricate lace-like patterns in the ropes. As coloured ropes are used, this lace looks extremely attractive. It is starting with the Amavasi or Newmoon night after Deepavali.

Mayil Attam This is done by girls dressed as peacocks, resplendent with peacock feathers and a glittering head-dress complete with a beak. This beak can be opened and closed with the help of a thread tied to it, and manipulated from within dress.

The performer is not bare footed while dancing Mayil Attam. Other similar dances are, Kaalai Attam dressed as a bull , Karadi Attam dressed as a bear and Aali Aattam dressed as a demon which are performed in the villages during village get-togethers. Vedala Aattam is performed wearing a mask depicting demons. The classical songs and the measured steps with graceful movements are the special features of Sevai Attam.

In those days this was performed at the rear of a chariot procession either of a king or a deity. Silambattam Kol silambam or fighting with a long stick and even with swords is a martial art from the days of Tamil Kings. Fights were characterised by moves of self defence, practise of skillful methods of approaching the opponent, overpowering and subduing him, and finally teaching him a lesson, all to put an end to violence.

A violent fighting art has metamorphosed into a non-violent form of folk dance, adding stepping styles following the measure of time. It also teaches the performer the methods of the self defence in modern day world. Puli Attam Puli Attam is performed by young men with painted bodies in colours yellow and black, complete with fangs, head gear with ears, paws with claws and long tail, simulating the prancing, ouncing tiger in every ferocious move.

Wildly beating drums add frenzy to the performance. Sometimes, a goat is tied and brought along with the dancers, who pretend to pounce on it and kill it. This dance is regularly performed during temple festivals, drawing large crowds. Oyilattam Oyil means beauty. This dance is hence the dance of beauty.

Traditionally, it is danced only by men. Ten years ago women also began to participate. This dance is prevalent in the south districts and Kongu Nadu in particular. First a few people will stand in a row and start dancing with rhythmic steps with musical accompaniment. Intricate steps are used in martial arts, such as Silambattam. Then gradually the row will become longer as the new comers and guests all join and dance along as they like. The dancers wear ankle-bells.

Normally, the dance is performed with the accomplishment of musical instruments and songs. It is performed near the temples or public places in the morning and evening hours, at times even till midnight. Styles of Oyilattam differ from place to place. The dancers wear ankle-bells and hold anklets or silambu in their hands, which make noise when shaken. They perform various stepping styles jumps. The dance is in praise of all female deities, the most preferred being the powerful angry goddess - Kali or Durga.

Thappattam Thappu is the name of a rhythamic beat instrument and Thappattam is practiced among the suppressed classes of the people of the Tamil Nadu. The subtle form of dance accompanied by captivating music, is an ancient rural folk art which is even now popular in urban slum areas in villages.

This is made of light-weighted materials and the cloth at the sides swings to and fro covering the legs of the dancer. The dancer dons wooden legs which sound like the hooves of the horse. The dancer brandishes either a sword or a whip. This folk dance needs much training and skill. This dance is accompanied by Naiyandi melam or Band music. This is connected to the worship of Ayyanar, prevails manily around Thanjavur. This is performed especially in Amman temples during the month of Adi. Nowadays, this art form is found only in selected villages in a few districts.

Kali Attam Kali means joy or fun and games. Sticks one foot length are held in each hand and beaten to make a sharp, rasping sound as the dance proceeds with unique steps, twisting and turning. It is danced by both men and women, during festivals, auspicious days and weddings. The dancers used to wear ankle-bells. However, no special dress or make up was used for this dance. Bommalattam Puppet shows are held in every village during festivals and fairs. Many different kinds of puppets are used for this show - cloth, wood, leather, etc.

They are manipulated through strings or wires. The persons stand behind a screen and the puppets are held in front. The stories enacted in the puppet shows are from puranas, epics and folklore. These shows are very entertaining and hold both adults and childrens entralled for many hours.

Villu Pattu The main singer here is accompanied by a chorus, musical instruments and a main instrument, the Villu or Bow, fixed with bells. The villu is struck rhythmically when the bells jingle in tune.

The main singer relates a tale, interspersed with lively songs. Snake Dance Yet another typical speciality of the southern region is the snake-dance which arises from the popularity of the snake as a protective divinity, safeguarding the health and happiness of the rural folk.

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