Kallie Szczepanski is a history teacher specializing in Asian history and culture. She has taught at the high school and university levels in the U. He excelled at anything that he put his mind to: medicine, poetry, sketching, architecture, sociology, and more. Despite little evidence, he was martyred by Spanish colonial authorities on charges of conspiracy, sedition, and rebellion when he was only The family were wealthy farmers who rented land from the Dominican religious order. Descendants of a Chinese immigrant named Domingo Lam-co, they changed their name to Mercado "market" under the pressure of anti-Chinese feeling among the Spanish colonizers.

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Noteworthy biographies by Filipino authors. Among the biographies of Rizal written by Filipino writers, the notable ones in my view are the following: 1 Rafael Palma, Biografia de Rizal. All the biographies except that of Zaide were written in response to a national biography-writing contest sponsored by the Philippine government.

In , at the instigation of the Philippine Commonwealth, four were recognized from among eight noteworthy submissions to the contest. The first-place winner was given to the manuscript submitted by Rafael Palma submitted under the pseudonym Lakandula. The committee awarded the second place to the manuscript of Osias. The books by Osias and by Quirino were published in English by private printers. They must have been revised versions of the contest submissions that were cited. I cannot comment on the book of Lopez-Bantug because I could not locate a physical copy of it.

The work of Leon Ma. Guerrero was the first prize winner of the biography-writing contest under the auspices of the Jose Rizal Centennial Commission in The publication of the Guerrero biography was sponsored by the Philippine National Historical Commission. In the case of the contest, the Guerrero manuscript was chosen from among half a dozen entries, which were not detailed.

The biographies and their coverage. Although their works tell the story of one life, they differ in the emphasis on details and on episodes of that life and, of course, in terms of style of presentation. But they all reveal the essentials of the life of Rizal — his family, his early fascinating youth, his foreign study and travels, his love-life, his interactions with compatriots in Europe and with other foreign scholars, the circumstances surrounding the writing of the Noli and of El Fili, and his road to martyrdom, beginning with exile in Dapitan, trial and execution.

The Palma biography, published originally in Spanish, reached later generations of Filipinos through the English translation by Roman Ozaeta with the title, The Pride of the Malay Race. The Palma biography was meticulous with documentation. At best, this was somewhat imagined journalistic. This approach could be criticized as being too playful with his material.

Quoting Rizal directly whenever necessary is one advantage of having the primary material available in his own writings.

Sprinkling these documents into conversational narratives sometimes dramatized effectively, but it could be overdone. In contrast, Camilo Osias and Gregorio F. Zaide were more restrained and, therefore, were more conventional in their approach to the Rizal narrative.

Its didactic approach was intended to follow this path of informing about the life of Rizal. This activity included the preparation of many translations of the works of Rizal into English and Tagalog and other dialects of the country.

To this was added many versions perhaps plagiarisms of the translations of the Noli and El Fili. The outstanding biography of Jose Rizal is the one by Leon Ma. It is not only the most comprehensive among the Filipino biographies.

It is also the most well-documented, even though the style of documentation is unconventional. Many of the books on Rizal tend to draw out his achievements and contributions to nation building.

He gave Rizal a fuller treatment, giving him a more human cloth, also liable to errors of judgment. The other notable biographies. I must mention two outstanding biographies written by foreigners. Published by the Oxford Univerity Press in , this book is a well-written biography of Rizal and is most careful with its sources, which is well-documented. One virtue of the book was that it placed Rizal in international context, within the sphere of Asian history during the 19th century.

In my Dec. Not included. Some may wonder why many other works on Rizal are excluded in this listing. Notable among these exclusions is the work of able historian Ambeth Ocampo. His Rizal Without the Overcoat Anvil, and his other works on Rizal are essentially anecdotes, snippets, and other side-stories about Rizal. He has yet to write a biography of Rizal that is within the definition used in this article. Nick Joaquin, the national artist, also has works that are on the boundary of biography.

His Rizal in Saga comes closest to a biography. Joaquin is essentially a fictionist, a very capable wordsmith.

He did not write a biography. My email is: gpsicat gmail.


Rizal, Philippine nationalist and martyr

Gacage Amazon Renewed Refurbished products with a warranty. La Trobe University Library. Written in erudite yet accessible style, with a lucid, flowing prose, this well-researched book honours the memory of the rare breed of man embodied by Rizal. Thanks for telling us about the problem.





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